Friday, May 17, 2024

Calories and carbohydrates in a beer serving

This new calculator will estimate the calories and carbohydrates (grams) in a beer serving. It's sad, but true: Beer has a lot of calories. 

Something that surprised me is that the highest amount of carbohydrates come from the ethanol. The sugars that give beer some body are only the second highest source of calories. Always learning!

There are two calculators on this page. The first method will estimate both calories from alcohol and other carbohydrates if the original gravity and final gravity are known. The second method is for the calories from alcohol if only the ABV (alcohol by volume percentage) and serving size are known. 

Calories and Carbohydrates calculator

Monday, May 13, 2024

New tools: Dry priming, British brown ale recipe calculators

The /r/homebrewing group on Reddit has recently shown interest in dry priming. This is natural carbonation achieved through adding a small amount of sugar to each bottle before filling with beer and capping. This was commonly done in prohibition-era homebrew. One modern way to do this is through commercial solutions like Cooper's carbonation drops: Add one hard candy-like tablet to each bottle. A related solution some redditors have described using syringes to measure out precise amounts of sugar syrups into each bottle.  

Dry priming has some advantages over the commonly done method of mixing the beer with all of the sugar for a batch in a bottling bucket. Oxygen exposure - the primary cause of staling - should be lower due to less handling. There is less equipment to clean because there is no need for a bottling bucket. 

I noticed there was some inconsistency in the discussion about how much sugar is the right amount. This new calculator addresses the issue by using temperature and desired carbonation level to determine the amount of sugar needed for each bottle. The standard output is for 12 oz (355 ml) and 16 oz (473 ml) bottles. The custom field will provide an amount for less common bottle sizes. 

Carbonation with sugar - dry priming calculator

The tool for estimating how many bottles are needed for each batch was updated to provide an estimate based on 16 oz (473 ml) bottles. 

Several new Beer Engine 2024 recipe calculators have also been added. 

Sunday, May 12, 2024

Beer Engine 2024 - Concise: A new format for sharing recipes

The Beer Engine 2024 software was created to power the FlexStyle calculators that create a recipe based on beer styles. Later, it occurred to me that sometimes brewers just want to share a recipe with others without exploring the intricacies of a beer style. Something more compact than FlexStyle would be very practical for sharing purposes.   

Communicating brewing recipes is awkward because brewers have differences in equipment and processes. Mash efficiency is a key issue. Commercial breweries that continuous (fly) sparge might have 90% efficiency whereas a brew-in-a-bag homebrewer might get 70% efficiency. Simply reporting the weights in a grain bill can is problematic because of these differences. The 70% brewer will need more grain for the same volume than the 90% brewer. There needs to be a way to easily bridge this gap. 

The Beer Engine 2024 - Concise software has the critical recipe variables in a single field. Simple codes are used like m: for malt and h: for hops. The values associated with a variable are separated by commas (i.e., comma separated values) and can be easily edited by the user if desired. Here are two examples. 

m: Malt name, fermentable percentage, Lovibond, and yield (SG or percent)

h: Hop name, IBU %, alpha acid %, and boil minutes

Here's an example for a basic American pale ale. 

beer engine 2024 concise screenshot

In brief, the grain bill is 91% American two-row malt, 6% crystal 40L, and 3% wheat malt. The hops are all Cascade at 5.75% alpha acids, with additions at 60, 15, and 0 minutes. 

The og: line is original gravity, which can be either specific gravity or degrees Plato. The ibu: variable is the target bitterness. The dry: is for dry hops (grams/liter). Finally, y: is for yeast type to calculate the pitching rate. The rest of the inputs are user-specific variables, such as the desired volume and mash efficiency. Altogether, this method provides a very compact method for specifying the recipe parameters. 

The field can be edited. For example, if a brewer's hops are 5% alpha acids instead of 5.75%, the values can be changed to fit the brewer's hops. A second example is that the type of hops could be switched, like Cascade to Centennial, by changing the hop name and the associated alpha acids.  

This recipe format is very portable. To illustrate, a print magazine could publish the code shown above on paper. The brewer could type it into the Beer Engine 2024 - concise page and press the button to get the weights needed for their specific brewing situation. No software purchase would be needed because this is available for free on the web and has open-source licensing. 

Here are a few concise recipe calculators to explore. 

Mash efficiency advanced - unit choice

 The advanced mash efficiency calculator has been updated. The previous version used imperial (US) units: gallons and pounds. The new versio...